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What Are the Stages of Grief?

Updated: Jun 8

Stages of Grief

Experiencing loss is an inevitable part of life. It's a journey that often leaves us feeling a multitude of emotions, ranging from denial to acceptance. This emotional journey is commonly referred to as the "stages of grief."

In this article, I will discuss these stages in depth and provide insight into the complex process of grieving.


What Are the Stages of Grief?


Stages of Grief

The concept of the stages of grief was first introduced by Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her 1969 book, "On Death and Dying." Initially, these grief stages were associated with the emotions and painful feelings experienced by terminally ill patients. However, it has since been adapted to encompass any form of tragic loss or major tragedy, such as the sudden death of a beloved pet.

Please read my Rainbow Bridge Poem Article if you have experienced the loss of a beloved pet.

Stages of Grief

The five stages of grief, according to the Kübler-Ross model, are as follows:


  1. Denial

  2. Anger

  3. Bargaining

  4. Depression

  5. Acceptance


It's important to note that these stages are not linear and do not necessarily occur in this order. Everyone's grieving process and how they experience grief is unique and can involve transitioning back and forth between these stages.


Denial: The First Stage of Grief


Denial is the initial stage of the grieving process. It serves as a defense mechanism, blunting the immediate shock of the loss. During this denial stage, it's common to feel numb and have difficulty accepting the reality of the situation.


You may find yourself rejecting the fact that the loss has occurred, insisting that there's been some mistake. This denial can manifest in various forms, such as refusing to discuss the loss, acting as if it hasn't happened, or even imagining alternate scenarios where the loss is avoided.


Anger: The Second Stage of Grief


As the reality of the loss begins to sink in, the protective layer of denial often gives way to feelings of anger. This is a natural reaction to the pain and perceived injustice of the loss.


Anger can be directed towards various entities, such as other people, oneself, inanimate objects, or even life itself. Underneath this anger is the emotional pain of the loss, and expressing it can be a crucial step towards healing.


It's also important to note that anger can manifest in different ways, including feelings of irritability, bitterness, or even rage.


Bargaining: The Third Stage of Grief


During the bargaining stage, you may find yourself grappling with feelings of helplessness and vulnerability. This stage is characterized by an attempt to negotiate or make deals with a higher power, yourself, or others, in an effort to alleviate the pain or reverse the loss.


This stage is often accompanied by feelings of guilt, as you may question whether there was something you could have done to prevent the loss. "What if" and "if only" statements are common during this phase.


Depression: The Fourth Stage of Grief


Depression is often the next stage in the grieving process. As the reality of the loss fully sets in, you may experience deep, intense sadness, lethargy, and a sense of despair.


It's crucial to understand that this depression/sadness is not a sign of mental illness, but rather, a normal and natural response to a significant loss. You may feel overwhelmed, regretful, and lonely during this stage, which could lead to withdrawal from daily activities and social interactions.


Acceptance: The Final Stage of Grief


Acceptance is the last stage in the Kübler-Ross model of grief. It involves acknowledging the reality of the loss and beginning to move forward. Acceptance does not mean that you're okay with the loss, but rather, that you're recognizing it as a part of your life experience.


In this stage, you might start to explore ways to live your life without the person or animal you've lost. This could involve reorganizing roles, establishing new routines, or making new connections.


Other Models of Grief


Stages of Grief

While the Kübler-Ross 5 stages of grief model is widely recognized, it's not the only model of grief. Other theories suggest additional stages or a different progression of emotions. For example, some models propose seven stages of grief, which include elements such as shock, guilt, and hope.


Regardless of the model, it's important to remember that grief is a deeply personal and unique experience, and there are no right or wrong feelings. Everyone experiences grief differently. There's no right or wrong way to grieve, and different individuals may experience different emotions and progress through the stages at different rates.


Misconceptions About the Stages of Grief


Stages of Grief

While the five stages of grief provide a useful framework for understanding the grieving process, there are several misconceptions about these stages.


Firstly, the stages are not intended to be a rigid sequence that everyone follows. Instead, they serve as a guide, providing insight into the complex emotions often experienced during grief.


Secondly, not everyone will experience all five stages, and the duration of each stage varies greatly from person to person. Some individuals may skip certain stages entirely, while others may oscillate between stages before reaching a state of acceptance.


Lastly, reaching the final stage of acceptance does not mean that the grieving process is over. Grief can be revisited at various times and triggered by different events, even after acceptance has been achieved.


Coping with Grief


Coping with grief is a deeply personal process. However, there are several strategies that can help individuals navigate through the stages of grief:


  • Allow yourself to grieve: Give yourself permission to experience your feelings, without judgement or self-criticism. Acknowledge that it's okay to feel pain and to cry.

  • Seek support: Reach out to loved ones, friends, or support groups/bereavement groups. Sharing your feelings with others can help alleviate the sense of loneliness often associated with grief.

  • Take care of your physical health: Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and sufficient sleep can help manage the physical symptoms of grief.

  • Practice mindfulness and relaxation techniques: Techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and yoga can help reduce stress and improve emotional wellbeing.

  • Seek professional help: If your grief feels overwhelming or lasts for an extended period of time, it may be helpful to seek the help of a mental health professional. They may be able to help with prolonged grief disorder.


How to Support Someone Going Through the Stages of Grief

Stages of Grief

If someone you care about is experiencing grief, it can be difficult to know how to best support them. Here are a few suggestions:


  • Be there for them: Simply being present and available for the person can provide a great deal of comfort.

  • Listen to them: Allow them to express their feelings without judgement. Avoid the temptation to offer advice or solutions, unless they specifically ask for it.

  • Acknowledge their pain: It's important to acknowledge the person's pain and loss. Avoid minimizing their feelings or offering clichéd reassurances.

  • Offer practical help: Providing practical assistance, such as helping with meals or chores, can be very helpful during this difficult time.

  • Encourage them to seek professional help if needed: If their grief seems overwhelming or if they express thoughts of suicide, encourage them to seek help from a mental health professional.




Grief is a natural response to loss, and the stages of grief provide a framework for understanding the complex emotions associated with this process. While everyone's experience with grief is unique, understanding these stages can provide comfort and reassurance during a difficult time.


Remember, it's okay to seek help if you're struggling to cope with grief. Whether it's reaching out to a trusted friend or seeking the guidance of a professional, getting the support you need is an important part of the healing process.


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