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Bracketing Photography

Updated: Aug 19, 2023

Bracketing Photography

Capturing the perfect photograph often involves a dance between creativity and technical prowess. A key technique that intertwines these two aspects is bracketing. Offering a safety net of sorts, bracketing is a method where multiple shots of the same subject are taken with slight variations in camera settings, providing a range of options to choose from.

In this article, I will be explaining the concept of bracketing, the various types of bracketing, its application in modern digital cameras, and practical tips for its effective use.

I am RayCee the Artist, a professional portrait photographer and event photographer, and if you would like to schedule a photoshoot with me, please contact me at!

Also, be sure to follow me on Instagram and YouTube!

The Concept of Bracketing

At its core, bracketing is the process of taking multiple photos of the same subject, each with different camera settings. This allows for variation in factors such as exposure, focus, or flash intensity. It's particularly useful in uncertain or complex environments, enabling the photographer to ensure they capture a well-balanced shot amidst the different setting values.

Types of Bracketing

It's essential to understand the different types that exist, each serving unique purposes and scenarios. The most common types of bracketing include exposure bracketing, focus bracketing, and flash bracketing. Each of these techniques offers specific advantages and can be more or less suitable depending on the shooting situation. By understanding and comparing these different types, photographers can better decide which method to employ to obtain the best results from their shots.

Exposure Bracketing

Bracketing Photography

Exposure bracketing is the method of taking several photographs of the same subject at differing exposure levels. This technique proves particularly advantageous in challenging lighting conditions, ensuring a well-exposed shot is within grasp. Nevertheless, exposure bracketing might not always be the preferred option in situations where the lighting conditions are well-balanced, and the optimal exposure level is straightforward.

Focus Bracketing

Bracketing Photography

Focus bracketing, also known as depth-of-field bracketing or focus stacking, involves capturing a sequence of images with varied focus points. This focus stacking technique allows for creative control over the depth of field, proving highly effective in genres like macro and landscape photography. However, focus bracketing may not be suitable in scenarios involving rapid subject movement or quick camera shifts.

Flash Bracketing

Flash bracketing encompasses adjusting the flash intensity over a series of bracketed images. This technique is particularly beneficial when dealing with unpredictable lighting conditions or capturing subjects with complex reflectivity. However, in outdoor settings with ample natural light or in consistent lighting scenarios, flash bracketing may not be the most advantageous approach.

Bracketing Techniques in Digital Cameras

Bracketing Photography

The advent of digital cameras has significantly streamlined the process of bracketing, making it more accessible and user-friendly. In fact, many modern digital cameras come equipped with built-in bracketing features, simplifying the varying of settings across a series of shots. Understanding how these bracketing functions work in a digital camera and how to efficiently use them is fundamental for any photographer aiming to incorporate bracketing into their work.

The Impact of Modern Digital Cameras on Bracketing

Modern digital cameras have revolutionized the bracketing process, rendering it more accessible to photographers across various experience levels. Many current models come preloaded with automatic exposure bracketing functionalities that automate the process of adjusting camera settings across a range of shots. This evolution has significantly enhanced the accessibility of bracketing, empowering photographers to channel their focus into the creative aspects of their work.

Utilizing the Bracketing Function in Digital Cameras

Implementing the bracketing feature in a standard digital camera usually involves a series of straightforward steps. While the exact method may vary slightly between camera models, the overarching process remains consistent. Firstly, the bracketing or Auto Exposure Bracketing (AEB) option needs to be located within the camera’s settings menu. Once this option is activated, the degree of variance between each shot in the bracketing sequence can be defined, which could relate to exposure, flash intensity, or focus, contingent on the type of bracketing in use. With these settings configured, the stage is set to commence the bracketed shooting. Each actuation of the shutter prompts the camera to auto-adjust the selected setting, thereby capturing a gamut of images encapsulating the full range of specified variance.

The Path to Mastering Bracketing Techniques

Like any skill, mastering the bracketing function demands practice. Over time, this feature can become an integral part of a photographer's toolkit. Experimentation is a key element of this learning process, as it allows photographers to discover the bracketing method that aligns best with their unique shooting style and the specific features of their camera model.

Practical Tips for Effective Bracketing

Bracketing Photography

While understanding the concept and types of bracketing is crucial, it's equally important to know how to implement these techniques effectively in real-world scenarios. Optimal bracketing strategies can differ based on the situation, the type of bracketing used, and the specific challenges encountered. Gaining insights on these practical aspects, including how to overcome common hurdles, can enhance your bracketing skills, enabling you to capture even more impressive shots.

Identifying Suitable Scenarios for Bracketing

A key to optimizing bracketing is understanding the situations where it can deliver maximum value. High-contrast scenes, macro photography, and complex lighting conditions all represent instances where bracketing can enhance your results. Identifying these scenarios can help you decide when to employ bracketing to obtain the best images.

Selecting the Right Type of Bracketing

Choosing the correct bracketing type based on your shooting scenario is also critical. Exposure bracketing is often ideal for navigating tricky lighting conditions, while focus bracketing can offer more control over the depth of field, making it suitable for close-up or landscape shots. For varying lighting conditions or complex reflective surfaces, flash bracketing might be your best bet.

Adjusting Variance Between Bracketed Shots

Another tip is to play around with the degree of variance between your bracketed shots. Depending on the situation, a minor adjustment might be enough, or a more pronounced variance could be required. Much like other aspects of photography, determining the ideal settings can often involve a bit of trial and error.

Overcoming Challenges in Bracketing

Bracketing isn't without its challenges. A common issue is camera shake, which could lead to blurred images, particularly when using exposure bracketing with a long shutter speed. A solution to this is using a tripod or other stable support.

Movement within the scene can also be problematic, especially with focus bracketing. When subjects move out of the selected focus points, it may be more practical to choose a different type of bracketing or use continuous autofocus.


The technique of bracketing offers a significant enhancement to any photographer's toolkit. Though it might present an initial learning curve, the control and flexibility it affords are well worth the effort. As you grow comfortable with bracketing, experimenting with its use in different situations can yield surprising and often delightful results, truly expanding the horizons of your photography experience.

I am RayCee the Artist, a professional portrait photographer and event photographer, and if you would like to schedule a photoshoot with me, please contact me at!

Also, be sure to follow me on Instagram and YouTube!


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