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Maternity Photography: A Comprehensive Guide

Updated: Aug 15, 2023

Maternity Photography

Maternity photography is a unique genre that allows photographers to capture the beauty, emotion, and anticipation of pregnancy. This form of photography focuses on the mother and her growing belly, making it a popular choice for expectant parents wanting to commemorate this special time in their lives.

In this article, I will guide you through the intricacies of maternity photography, providing maternity photo ideas and maternity photography tips & techniques to help you create stunning maternity photos.

I am RayCee the Artist, a professional portrait photographer and event photographer. If you would like me to be your photographer for your maternity photoshoot, please contact me at! Also, feel free to read my articles "Maternity Photoshoot Ideas," "Maternity Outdoor Photoshoot," and "Maternity Photoshoot Dress."

Also, be sure to follow me on Instagram and YouTube!

Maternity Photography: The Basics

Maternity Photography

Embarking on a maternity photography journey requires a fundamental understanding of the genre's essentials. The aim is to capture the radiance and joy of pregnancy, highlighting the mother-to-be's physical changes and emotional journey. The focus is not just on the expectant mother, but also the growing bond between her, the baby bump, and the family.

When to Schedule a Maternity Photoshoot

The ideal time for a maternity session is usually between the 30th and 36th week of pregnancy, when the baby bump is prominently visible. However, each pregnancy is unique, and factors like multiple pregnancies, health conditions, and personal comfort should be considered. If the mother-to-be is carrying multiples or has a history of preterm labor, it may be advisable to schedule the session earlier.

Safety First

The safety and comfort of the expectant mother should be the top priority during a maternity photoshoot. It's crucial to be mindful of the physical limitations that come with pregnancy. Keep the photoshoot location accessible and comfortable, avoiding strenuous movements or poses. Additionally, ensure regular breaks and hydration to maintain the mother's comfort throughout the session.

Gearing Up for Maternity Photography

Maternity Photography

While there's no specific gear solely meant for maternity photography, some equipment can enhance the quality of your images.


A DSLR or mirrorless camera with at least 20 megapixels of resolution is ideal for professional maternity photography. Features like eye autofocus can be beneficial for keeping the subject in focus. A full-frame camera can also be useful for post-production flexibility.


When it comes to lenses, quality trumps quantity. A 50mm lens is a popular choice for maternity photography as it allows for three-quarter and full-length portraits, emphasizing the baby bump. Avoid lenses wider than 50mm as they can create unwanted distortion. If you prefer versatility, a 70-200mm zoom lens can be a good investment.

Lighting Equipment

Depending on the location and lighting conditions, a flash might be necessary. If you're shooting indoors with limited natural light, additional lighting sources like a flash or studio lights can be helpful.

Other Accessories

A tripod can be handy for achieving sharp images, especially in low light conditions. A remote shutter release, used in tandem with a tripod, can allow you to move freely and interact with your subject while minimizing camera shake.

Mastering Camera Settings for Maternity Photos

The camera settings for maternity photography can vary greatly depending on various factors like the location, lighting, and style of the shoot. Here are some general guidelines:


For portraits with a beautifully blurred background, a shallow depth of field (an f-number between f/1.4 and f/4) is ideal. If you want more of your image in focus, like in wide shots incorporating landscapes, opt for a higher f-number, like f/8 or above.


Keep your ISO as low as possible to avoid image noise. An ISO range between 100 and 400 is generally sufficient. You can also use Auto ISO, but remember to set an upper limit to prevent excessively noisy images.

Shutter Speed

The shutter speed should be as fast as possible while still allowing for correct exposure. If you're shooting in low light with a wide-open aperture, you might need to increase your ISO or slow your shutter speed. However, be aware that a slower shutter speed might result in camera shake unless you use a tripod.

Focus Mode

For maternity photography, the focus should usually be on the mother's eyes or the baby bump. If your camera has eye autofocus, that can be a useful feature. Otherwise, for static shots, use a one-shot/single-shot autofocus mode, with the focus point manually set on the subject's eye or the baby bump.

Mastering the Art of Posing in Maternity Photography

Maternity Photography

Posing plays a pivotal role in maternity photography. It's all about accentuating the baby bump while making the mother-to-be look flattering and comfortable.

Hand Placement

Hands on the belly is a classic maternity pose that draws attention to the baby bump. Experiment with different hand placements for variety, such as hands on the hips, in the pockets, or even touching the hair.

Standing vs. Sitting Maternity Photoshoot Poses

Standing poses are generally more flattering for pregnant women as they allow for better showcasing of the baby bump. However, seated poses can also work if done right. If the seated pose obscures the baby bump or makes the limbs look squashed, opt for standing maternity poses.

Involving the Partner and Siblings

Involve the partner and the siblings in the maternity photo shoot to capture the excitement and anticipation of the whole family. Coordinate the maternity poses and activities that include multiple people for a wholesome family portrait.

Using Props

Props can add a creative touch to your maternity photos. It could be anything from a pair of baby booties to a cute signboard. Discuss the prop ideas with your clients in advance and ensure they align with the overall style and theme of the shoot.

Crafting the Perfect Composition for Maternity Photos

Maternity Photography

From full-body shots to close-ups and silhouettes, a variety of compositions can be used in maternity photography to make the images more dynamic and engaging.

Full Body Shots

Full body shots of a pregnant woman are a staple in maternity photography as they capture the mother's entire figure along with the baby bump. These shots can be taken from various angles - straight on, from the side, or even from a high angle.


Close-ups focus on the details, from the curve of the belly to the glow on the mother's face. These shots can be particularly powerful in conveying the intimacy and emotion of pregnancy.


Silhouette shots are a creative way to highlight and celebrate the shape of the amazing pregnant body. These shots can be achieved by placing the subject in front of a light source, creating a beautiful contrast between the dark silhouette of the mother and the bright background.

Including Props and Other Elements

Including props and other elements in your composition can add a touch of personalization and creativity to your maternity photos. Whether it's a pair of baby shoes, a cute signboard, or even a beloved pet, these elements can help tell a more complete and personal story of the expectant mother or couple.

Choosing the Right Location for Maternity Photography

Maternity Photography

The choice of location can significantly impact the overall aesthetic and mood of your maternity pictures. While the comfort and safety of the mother-to-be should always be the top priority, there are various locations you can consider.

Indoor Maternity Photography

Indoor maternity photoshoots can be done in the comfort of the client's home or in a studio. These settings allow for more control over the lighting and environment, and can also provide a more intimate and personal feel to the images.

Outdoor Maternity Photography

Outdoor settings can provide a beautiful and natural backdrop for maternity pictures. Whether it's a local park, a beach, an urban setting, or a picturesque countryside, outdoor locations can offer a variety of visual elements to enhance your images.

Unique Locations

For something a bit different, consider unique locations such as a greenhouse, a vineyard, a desert landscape, or even underwater. These unique locations can add a creative and distinctive touch to your maternity pictures.

Making the Most of Lighting in Maternity Photography

Maternity Photography

Lighting plays a crucial role in creating beautiful and impactful maternity portraits. Whether you're shooting indoors or outdoors, understanding and manipulating light can be the key to capturing stunning images.

Natural Light

Natural light can be your best friend in maternity photography, especially during the golden hour. This period, which occurs shortly after sunrise or before sunset, provides a soft, warm light that can beautifully illuminate your subject and create a magical atmosphere.

Artificial Light

If you're shooting indoors or in low-light conditions, artificial light sources like a flash or studio lights can be invaluable. Understanding how to use these light sources effectively can help you create well-lit and visually striking images.

Wardrobe Considerations for Maternity Photography

Maternity Photography

The choice of wardrobe for the mom to be can significantly impact the overall look and feel of your maternity photos. It's essential to guide your clients in choosing outfits that will flatter their figure, highlight the beautiful baby bump, and align with the overall style and theme of the shoot.

Dressing for Comfort and Style

Encourage the mother-to-be to wear form-fitting clothes that accentuate the adorable baby bump. However, comfort should not be compromised. Whether it's a stylish maternity gown, a simple top and jeans, or even a bikini for a beach shoot, the outfit should make the mother-to-be feel beautiful and comfortable. Maternity dresses are also a good option. To learn more about maternity dresses, please read my article "Maternity Photoshoot Dress."

Coordinating Outfits

If the partner or other family members are included in the shoot, their outfits should complement the mother-to-be's attire. However, avoid overly matching outfits. Instead, opt for coordinating colors and styles that create a cohesive look without being too identical.


Accessories can add a touch of personality and flair to your maternity photos. From statement jewelry and scarves to cute baby booties and signboards, accessories can serve as great props and add an extra layer of visual interest to your images.

Post-Processing Your Maternity Photos

After the shoot, post-processing your images can further enhance their beauty and impact. From basic adjustments like exposure and white balance correction to more advanced techniques like skin retouching and color grading, post-processing allows you to fine-tune your images and bring your creative vision to life.

Delivering and Pricing Your Maternity Photos

Delivering your maternity photos to your clients in a timely and professional manner is crucial after the pregnancy photoshoot. Provide a sneak peek of the photos shortly after the shoot to keep the excitement alive, and deliver the final pregnancy photos in a high-quality format suitable for both digital viewing and printing. As for pricing, consider offering maternity shoots as part of a package that includes newborn or family photography to provide more value to your clients.


Maternity photography is an art form that requires a unique blend of technical skills, creativity, sensitivity, and patience. By mastering these aspects and coming up with the best maternity photoshoot ideas, you can capture beautiful and meaningful pregnancy photo shoot images that your clients will treasure forever.

I am RayCee the Artist, a professional portrait photographer and event photographer. If you would like me to be your photographer for your maternity photoshoot, please contact me at! Also, feel free to read my articles "Maternity Photoshoot Ideas," "Maternity Outdoor Photoshoot," and "Maternity Photoshoot Dress."

Also, be sure to follow me on Instagram and YouTube!


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